What is Dementia?

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What is Dementia?

March 3 is Denim Day for Dementia, intended to raise awareness about the disease and funds for those with dementia. Dementia is used to generally describe the decline in a person's cognitive functioning that is serious enough to impact their day-to-day life negatively. It is used to describe various mental ailments, like Alzheimer's disease. 

What is Dementia?

Dementia describes social, thinking, memory, and other cognitive impairments that are severe enough to impact one's daily functioning. It is not a specific disease. Instead, it is a broad or umbrella term used to describe cognitive impairments like Alzheimer'sdisease, Huntington's disease, and frontotemporal dementia

Cognitive illnesses referred to as dementia are often caused by changes in the brain that trigger cognitive decline and impact one's behavior, mental health, emotional wellbeing, and relationships.

The Signs and Symptoms of Dementia 

Dementia can have different symptoms in different cases. According to the Alzheimer's Association, the top 10 early signs of dementia include:

  • Memory loss significant enough to impact daily functioning
  • Problems with planning
  • Problem-solving issues
  • Struggling to perform familiar tasks
  • Confusion in regard to the date, time, or place
  • Vision problems, issues with judging distance, loss of balance
  • Changes in one's ability to speak, read, or write
  • Increasingly losing items and struggling to retrace steps
  • Changes in judgment and decision-making
  • Social withdrawal
  • Significant changes to mood and personality

The Causes of Dementia 

Dementia is typically caused by changes in certain brain regions, impacting the ability of neurons and their connection's ability to function properly. There has been research that has found associations between specific cases of dementia and specific changes in the brain. However, the causes of most cases of dementia are still a mystery. Some research has suggested that certain cases of dementia may be caused by genetics, while others may be caused by lifestyle.

Caring for Cognitive Health

While the causes of many cases of dementia are still a mystery, some research has suggested that a healthy lifestyle and continued learning may improve cognitive health to help prevent diseases like dementia, although this conclusion is not yet certain. A few ways one may care for their cognitive health include:

  • Increased physical activity
  • Control high blood pressure
  • Manage blood sugar
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Cognitive training and keeping the mind active
  • Social connection
  • Good sleep hygiene
  • Caring for mental and physical health
  • Reducing alcohol use
  • Quitting tobacco

While there is not yet enough research to say these healthy lifestyle habits can prevent dementia, they can be great ways of caring for cognitive and overall wellbeing.

We Are Here for You

If you are dealing with the emotional distress caused by personally experiencing dementia or having a loved one experience the disease, we are here for you. Dementia can cause pain, stress, and other mental health struggles for the person experiencing the disease and their loved ones. If you would like to receive help from a therapist, our team is full of caring and compassionate mental health professionals ready to work with you. Contact us today.






Keywords: dementia, cognitive functioning, cognitive health, therapist